Medicine & USMLE

Halothane / Flurane

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Neuro Drugs
  1. Levodopa, Carbidopa
  2. Levetiracetam
  3. Valproic Acid
  4. Anticholinergic Syndrome
  5. Cholinergic Crisis
  6. Benztropine / Trihexyphenidyl
  7. Lidocaine
  8. Pyridostigmine, Neostigmine, Edrophonium
  9. Naltrexone
  10. Pregabalin
  11. Scopolamine
  12. Phenytoin
  13. Ethosuximide
  14. Succinylcholine
  15. Opioids
  16. Memantine
  17. Halothane / Flurane
  18. Donepezil
  19. Propofol
  20. Ergotamine
  21. Triptans
  22. Selegiline / Rasagiline
  23. Entacapone / Tolcapone
  24. Gabapentin
  25. Lamotrigine
  26. Carbamazepine
  27. Ramelteon

Summary

Halothane and fluranes are inhaled anesthetic drugs used for general anesthesia. They have the serious adverse effect of causing malignant hyperthermia. Halothane can also cause hepatotoxicity, so liver enzymes should be closely monitored.

Key Points

  • Halothane, Fluranes
    • Mechanism
      • Inhaled Anesthetic
        • Depresses CNS through unclear mechanism
    • Clinical Use
      • General Anesthesia
        • Inhaled anesthetic that can also cause muscle relaxation
    • Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
      • Malignant hyperthermia
      • Hepatotoxicity (with halothane)
      • Respiratory depression
      • Hypotension
        • Secondary to cardiovascular depression