USMLE

Nitrous Oxide (N2O)

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Anesthetics
  1. Ketamine
  2. Nitrous Oxide (N2O)
  3. Local Anesthetics
  4. Nondepolarizing Neuromuscular-blocking Drugs
  5. Succinylcholine
  6. Halothane and Fluranes
  7. Propofol
  8. Thiopental

Summary

Nitrous oxide is an inhaled anesthetic drug that has fast induction and recovery due to its low blood solubility. Due to its low lipid solubility, it has low potency and a high MAC. Adverse effects include increased intracranial pressure, cardiac depression and risk of causing air embolism.