USMLE

Zika Virus

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Viruses - RNA Viruses
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Key Points

  • Zika virus
    • Member of Flavivirus family
    • Transmission
      • Arthropod-borne: by Aedes mosquitoes
        • more common in tropical/subtropical climates
      • Sexual and vertical transmission possible
    • Presentation
      • Fever, rash, arthralgia, conjunctivitis
      • Teratogenic in utero
        • Can lead to congenital microcephaly or miscarriage
    • Diagnosis
      • RT-PCR or serology
    • Treatment
      • Supportive