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Wuchereria bancrofti

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Summary

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Key Points

  • Wuchereria bancrofti
    • Characteristics
      • Type of nematode (roundworm) parasite
    • Transmission
      • Bite of mosquito
        • Introduces larvae into skin
        • Seen in tropics and subtropics
    • Presentation
      • Lymphatic filariasis
        • Worms invade and replicate in lymph nodes
          • Painful lymphadenopathy
          • Lymphedema
            • Severe lymphedema is known as elephantiasis
      • Mostly asymptomatic
    • Diagnosis
      • Circulating antigen tests
      • Worms in blood smear
    • Treatment
      • Diethylcarbamazine (DEC)