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Loa loa

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Summary

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Key Points

  • Loa Loa
    • Characteristics
      • Type of nematode (roundworm) parasite
    • Transmission
      • Via bite of deer fly (Chrysops)
        • Deposit larvae into skin of host
        • Larvae mature over 6-12 months
    • Presentation: Loiasis
      • Most asymptomatic
      • Transient swelling in skin
        • Also known as Calabar swellings
      • Worm seen in conjunctiva of eye
      • Eosinophilia
        • Non-specific; seen in many parasitic infections
    • Diagnosis
      • Find worm in skin, eye, or blood smear
    • Treatment
      • Diethylcarbamazine (DEC)