USMLE

Naegleria fowleri

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Parasites
  1. Giardia lamblia
  2. Toxoplasma gondii
  3. Entamoeba histolytica
  4. Cryptosporidium
  5. Naegleria fowleri
  6. Trypanosoma brucei
  7. Plasmodium Overview
  8. Plasmodium Disease (Malaria)
  9. Babesia
  10. Trypanosoma cruzi
  11. Leishmania
  12. Trichomonas vaginalis
  13. Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)
  14. Ascaris lumbricoides (giant roundworm)
  15. Strongyloides stercoralis (threadworm)
  16. Ancyclostoma and Necator
  17. Trichinella spiralis
  18. Trichuris trichiura (whipworm)
  19. Toxocara canis
  20. Onchocerca volvulus
  21. Loa loa
  22. Wuchereria bancrofti
  23. Taenia solium
  24. Diphyllobothrium latum
  25. Echinococcus granulosus
  26. Schistosoma
  27. Clonorchis sinensis
  28. Sarcoptes scabiei (Scabies)
  29. Pediculus humanis and Phthirus pubis (Lice)
  • Naegleria fowleri
    • Protozoa 
    • Disease
      • Rapidly fatal meningoencephalitis
        • “Brain eating amoeba”
        • Presentation very similar to meningitis
    • Transmission/Risk factors (MB)
      • Swimming in warm freshwater
        • Not acquired through drinking water, only by aspirating into nose
        • Enters via cribriform plate
    • Diagnosis
      • Amoebas in CSF
      • Culture and direct fluorescence antibody stain
    • Treatment/Prognosis
      • Amphotericin B has been effective for a few survivors
      • Fatal in majority of cases within 1 week