Naegleria fowleri

213

  • Naegleria fowleri
    • Protozoa 
    • Disease
      • Rapidly fatal meningoencephalitis
        • “Brain eating amoeba”
        • Presentation very similar to meningitis
    • Transmission/Risk factors (MB)
      • Swimming in warm freshwater
        • Not acquired through drinking water, only by aspirating into nose
        • Enters via cribriform plate
    • Diagnosis
      • Amoebas in CSF
      • Culture and direct fluorescence antibody stain
    • Treatment/Prognosis
      • Amphotericin B has been effective for a few survivors
      • Fatal in majority of cases within 1 week