Pneumocystis jirovecii

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Pneumocystis jirovecii

  • Characteristics
    • Spore-producing fungus
  • Transmission
    • Opportunistic
      • Usually in immunocompromised patients (e.g. AIDS) 
  • Presentation
    • Pneumonia
      • Also referred to as pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
  • Diagnosis
    • Induced sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Treatment/prophylaxis 
    • TMP-SMX
      • Start prophylaxis when CD4+ <200 cells/mm3 in HIV patients
    • Pentamidine
      • Given IV for severe disease