Previous
Next

Bunyavirus

14
Watch Video

Summary

Coming soon...

Key Points

  • Bunyaviruses
    • Characteristics
      • RNA viruses
        • replicate in the cytoplasm of cells
        • Single-stranded
        • - sense
        • Circular
        • 3 segments
      • Enveloped
      • Helical capsid
    • Presentation
      • Arboviruses/arthropod-borne (mosquitos, ticks)
        • California Encephalitis
          • Presentation
            • Headache, nausea/vomiting
            • Fever, seizures, FNDs (aphasia)
          • Diagnosis
            • ELISA in CSF
          • Treatment
            • Supportive
        • Rift (Sandfly) Valley Fever
          • Presentation
            • Headache, myalgias, malaise, arthralgias
            • Fever, seizures
          • Diagnosis
            • RT-PCR or ELISA
          • Treatment
            • Supportive
        • Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever
          • Presentation
            • Headache, arthralgia, abdominal pain, vomiting
            • Fever, erythematous oropharynx, palatal petechiae
          • Diagnosis
            • RT-PCR or ELISA
          • Treatment
            • Supportive
      • Hantavirus
        • Transmission
          • Exposure to rodents
        • Presentation
          • Headache, chills, myalgias, dry cough
          • Pneumonia (hantavirus pulmonary syndrome)
            • Cough, shortness of breath, hypoxia
            • CXR reveals bilateral diffuse interstitial edema
          • Hemorrhagic fever
            • Fever
            • Hemorrhage (petechiae in axilla or soft palate), subconjunctival hemorrhage
            • Renal insufficiency
        • Diagnosis
          • RT-PCR or ELISA
        • Treatment
          • Supportive