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Mumps

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Summary

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Key Points

  • Mumps
    • Transmission
      • Respiratory droplets, direct contact, or fomites
      • Uncommon due to effectiveness of MMR vaccine
    • Symptoms
      • Non-specific prodrome (fever, malaise, headaches, myalgias)
        • Symptom of viremia
      • Parotitis
        • Develops within 48 hours of prodrome
      • Orchitis (inflammation of testes)
        • May cause sterility (seen after puberty)
      • Aseptic Meningitis (rare)
      • Pancreatitis
    • Treatment
      • Supportive; no antivirals indicated
    • Prophylaxis
      • MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine - live attenuated
        • Administered at 12-15 months of age