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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

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Summary

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Key Points

  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and Human metapneumovirus (hMPV)
    • Transmission        
      • Respiratory droplets
    • Presentation
      • bronchitis/bronchiolitis in infants
    • Diagnosis
      • RT-PCR is standard
    • Treatment
      • Primarily supportive
        • Palivizumab may be used
          • Monoclonal antibody against F protein
          • Prevents pneumonia by RSV infection in premature infants
        • Ribavirin may be used
          • Nucleoside antimetabolite that interferes with viral genetic replication