Diabetes

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Summary

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Key Points

  • Diabetes
    • Normal Insulin function
      • Pancreas produces Insulin
        • Insulin binds to insulin receptors on cells
          • Glucose to move from blood into cells
    • Type I Diabetes
      • Pancreas doesn’t produce insulin
        • Destruction of beta cells of pancreas
      • Functional insulin receptors
      • Treatment
        • Insulin injections
    • Type II Diabetes
      • Insulin receptors are desensitised to insulin
      • Insulin still produced
      • Treatment
        • Drugs to re-sensitize insulin receptors