Growth Hormone (GH)
Growth hormone, or GH for short, is a protein hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland. The anterior pituitary gland produces growth hormone, in response to upstream stimulation by growth-hormone releasing hormone or GHRH from the hypothalamus. Downstream, growth hormone targets muscle and bone cells to stimulate muscle and bone growth.
- Growth Hormone (GH)
- Type: Peptide
- Origin: Anterior Pituitary
- Trigger: Stimulation by GHRH from hypothalamus
- GHRH = Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
- Target: Muscle and Bone
- GH targets a variety of cells throughout the body. Muscle and bone are two prominent examples.
- Effect: Stimulates growth
- Rate of mitosis
- Cell size
- Rate of transcription/translation