Riluzole is a medication used to slow down the progress of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS. It acts by several mechanisms that reduce glutamate excitotoxicity in neurons. This reduces motor neuron degeneration and improves survival in ALS.

Key Points

  • Riluzole
    • Mechanism
      • Reduces glutamate excitotoxicity in neurons
      • Varied mechanisms (Na+, GABA, glutamate, NMDA)
    • Clinical Use
      • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
        • Only medication to slow disease progression