Medicine & USMLE

Conflict Theory

Social Structure
  1. Conflict Theory
  2. (Social) Constructionism
  3. (Social) Exchange Theory
  4. Structural Functionalism
  5. Symbolic Interactionism


Conflict Theory is a macrosociological theory which states that social groups struggle over limited resources (such as food, jobs, and power). The struggle for limited resources results in conflicts between groups, which shapes societal structures. Famous proponents of the Conflict theory include Karl Marx and Max Weber.

Key Points

  • Conflict Theory
    • Thinks of society as a struggle for limited resources
      • Resources include money, power, and status
      • Inequality based on social class (class conflict)
    • Important theorists