Role Strain vs Role Conflict vs Role Exit
View this Role Strain vs Role Conflict vs Role Exit mnemonic and other MCAT mnemonics in the Misc playlist.
Previous
Next

Role Strain vs Role Conflict vs Role Exit

68
Watch Video

Summary

A social role describes a set of behaviors, rights, and obligations expected of a person in a social situation. People may experience role strain, which describes tension within a single role. Alternatively, people can experience role conflict, which describes tension between two or more social roles. Finally, role exit describes the act of an individual leaving a role they previously occupied.

Key Points

  • Social role: set of behaviors, rights, obligations expected in a social situation
    • Role strain: tensions within one role
      • Competing demands within the same social role
    • Role conflict: tension between two or more roles
      • Competing expectations between two roles held by same person
    • Role exit: individual disengages from/leaves a role
      • May result from role strain or role conflict
      • People can replace exited role with a new social role


Example

A student who is stressed by simultaneous commitments to student government and finishing her homework is experiencing role strain within her single role as a student.
A working mother may experience role conflict between her duties as a mother and her job as an employee.
When an individual retires from a long career, they experience role exit from the role of employee and transition to a new role of a retiree.